Prevalence of spontaneous Brugada ECG pattern recorded at standard intercostal leads: A meta-analysis

Shaobo Shi, Hector Barajas-Martinez, Tao Liu, Yaxun Sun, Bo Yang, Congxin Huang, Dan Hu
International Journal of Cardiology 2018 March 1, 254: 151-156

OBJECTIVE: Typical Brugada ECG pattern is the keystone in the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome. However, the exact prevalence remains unclear, especially in Asia. The present study was designed to systematically evaluate the prevalence of spontaneous Brugada ECG pattern recorded at standard leads.

METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for studies of the prevalence of Brugada ECG pattern, published between Jan 1, 2003, and September 1, 2016. Pooled prevalence of type 1 and type 2-3 Brugada ECG pattern were estimated in a random-effects model, and group prevalence data by the characteristic of studies. Meta-regression analyses were performed to explore the potential sources of heterogeneity, and sensitivity analyses were conducted to assess the effect of each study on the overall prevalence.

RESULTS: Thirty-nine eligible studies involving 558,689 subjects were identified. Pooled prevalence of type 1 and 2-3 Brugada ECG pattern was 0.03% (95%CI, 0.01%-0.06%), and 0.42% (95%CI, 0.28%-0.59%), respectively. Regions, sample size, year of publication were the main source of heterogeneity. The prevalence of type 1 Brugada ECG pattern was higher in male, Asia, adult, patient, and fever subjects; but the relation between fever and type 2-3 Brugada ECG pattern was not significant. Sensitivity analysis showed that each study did not lonely affect the prevalence of type 1 and type 2-3 Brugada ECG pattern.

CONCLUSION: Brugada ECG pattern is not rare, especially preponderant in adult Asian males, and fever subjects. Clinical screening and further examination of Brugada syndrome in potential population need to be highlighted.

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