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JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Pregnancy in systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome

Rebecca Fischer-Betz, Christof Specker
Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology 2017, 31 (3): 397-414
29224680
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease with a high prevalence in females of childbearing age. Pregnancy in SLE nowadays has favorable outcomes for the majority of women. However, flares of disease activity, preeclampsia, fetal loss, and preterm birth are well-known risks in such pregnancies. Anti-SS-A(Ro)/SS-B(La) antibodies put fetuses at risk for congenital heart block and neonatal lupus. Several risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes have been identified. Women with antiphospholipid antibodies or antiphospholipid syndrome and lupus nephritis represent a group with high risk for obstetric complications. Factors such as appropriate preconception counseling and medication adjustment, strict disease control prior to pregnancy, and intensive surveillance during and after pregnancy are essential to improve pregnancy outcome. The aim of this review article is to update on the medical care of pregnancy in these women to ensure the best maternal and fetal prognosis.

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