Efficacy and Safety of Nintedanib for the Treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: An Update

José Antonio Rodríguez-Portal
Drugs in R&D 2018, 18 (1): 19-25
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a fatal form of progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia with limited treatment options. In recent years, its management has been transformed with the approval of two new antifibrotic drugs: nintedanib and pirfenidone. Nintedanib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that efficiently slows idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis progression and has an acceptable tolerability profile. This article reviews new available evidence on the long-term efficacy and safety of nintedanib in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Data from extension trials indicate that nintedanib continues to slow disease progression for up to 3 years and is similarly effective in patients with mild and severe impairment of lung function. Treatment with nintedanib reduces the risk of acute exacerbations, and a combined analysis of data from clinical trials of nintedanib shows a trend towards a reduction in mortality. Nintedanib is well tolerated and has been shown to be safe for up to 51 months. Gastrointestinal events, mainly diarrhoea, are the main adverse events caused by the treatment. Currently available data confirm its safety profile in real-life clinical settings, with no new safety concerns identified in patients with comorbidities.

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