Comparative Study
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Comparison of lipopolysaccharides composition of two different strains of Helicobacter pylori.

BMC Microbiology 2017 December 5
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a Gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium that is recognized as a major cause of chronic gastritis, peptic ulcers, and gastric cancer. Comparable to other Gram-negative bacteria, lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are an important cellular component of the outer membrane of H. pylori. The LPS of this organism plays a key role in its colonization and persistence in the stomach. In addition, H. pylori LPS modulates pathogen-induced host inflammatory responses resulting in chronic inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract. Very little is known about the comparative LPS compositions of different strains of H. pylori with varied degree of virulence in human. Therefore, LPS was analyzed from two strains of H. pylori with differing potency in inducing inflammatory responses (SS1 and G27). LPS were extracted from aqueous and phenol layer of hot-phenol water extraction method and subjected for composition analysis by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to sugar and fatty acid compositions.

RESULTS: The major difference between the two strains of H. pylori is the presence of Rhamnose, Fucose and GalNAc in the SS1 strain, which was either not found or with low abundance in the G27 strain. On the other hand, high amount of Mannose was present in G27 in comparison to SS1. Fatty acid composition of lipid-A portion also showed considerable amount of differences between the two strains, phenol layer of SS1 had enhanced amount of 3 hydroxy decanoic acid (3-OH-C10:0) and 3-hydroxy dodecanoic acid (3-OH-C12:0) which were not present in G27, whereas myristic acid (C14:0) was present in G27 in relatively high amount.

CONCLUSION: The composition analysis of H. pylori LPS, revealed differences in sugars and fatty acids composition between a mouse adapted strain SS1 and G27. This knowledge provides a novel way to dissect out their importance in host-pathogen interaction in further studies.

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