Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

MRI Characteristics of Spinal Ependymoma in WHO Grade II: A Review of 59 Cases.

Spine 2018 May 2
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter study.

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to determine the characteristic imaging features of spinal ependymoma in a review of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data for a large series of surgically proven cases.

SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Common spinal intramedullary neoplasms are mostly ependymomas and comprise 50% to 60% of spinal neuroepithelial tumors in adults. Preoperative prediction of the pathological diagnosis could enhance surgical planning and explanation of the procedure to patients. However, these types of tumors exhibit a variety of MRI findings.

METHODS: Records were examined for 59 patients who underwent surgery for spinal cord ependymoma and had a pathological diagnosis of cellular ependymoma of World Health Organization classification grade II.

RESULTS: The ependymomas included 28 in the cervical spine, 34 in the thoracic spine, and 3 conus lesions. All cases were isointense or hypointense on T1-weighted MRI, and 55 (93%) were hyperintense on T2-weighted MRI. Tumors were located centrally in all cases; 50 (85%) showed surrounding cord edema; and 52 (88%) had associated cysts, including 36 (61%) rostral or caudal cysts, 10 (17%) intratumoral cysts, and 6 (10%) with syringomyelia. Of the 59 tumors, 17 (29%) showed the "cap sign," a rim of extreme hypointensity seen around the tumor on T2-weighted images, due to hemosiderin. In gadolinium-enhanced MRI, all cases were enhanced, and 27 (46%), 16 (27%), 11 (19%), and 5 (8%) cases showed homogeneous, heterogeneous, rim, and nodular enhancement, respectively.

CONCLUSION: Hypointense changes on T2-weighted MRI and hemosiderin deposition reflect easy bleeding. Tumors are associated with various types of cysts, and gadolinium-enhancement patterns reflect a variety of intratumor cellular components. In cases in which the whole tumor shows gadolinium enhancement on MRI, rostral, or caudal cyst and a cap sign with hemorrhage are characteristics of grade II classical ependymoma.


Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app