Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Pharmacokinetics of Magnesium Bolus Therapy in Cardiothoracic Surgery.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pharmacokinetics of a 20 mmol magnesium bolus in regards to serum and urinary magnesium concentration, volume of distribution, and half-life.

DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study.

SETTING: A university-affiliated teaching hospital.

PARTICIPANTS: Twenty consecutive cardiac surgery patients treated with magnesium bolus therapy for prevention of arrhythmia.

INTERVENTIONS: A 20-mmol bolus of magnesium sulfate was administered intravenously.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Median magnesium levels increased from 1.04 (interquartile range 0.94-1.23) mmol/L to 1.72 (1.57-2.14) mmol/L after 60 minutes of magnesium infusion (p < 0.001) but decreased to 1.27 (1.21-1.36) and 1.16 (1.11-1.21) mmol/L after 6 and 12 hours, respectively. Urinary magnesium concentration increased from 6.3 (4.2-14.5) mmol/L to 19.1 (7.4-34.5) mmol/L after 60 minutes (p < 0.001), followed by 22.7 (18.4-36.7) and 15 (8.4-19.7) mmol/L after 6 and 12 hours, respectively. Over the 12-hour observation period, the cumulative urinary magnesium excretion was 19.1 mmol (95.5% of the dose given). The median magnesium clearance was 10 (4.7-15.8) mL/min and increased to 14.9 (3.8-20.7; p = 0.934) mL/min at 60 minutes. The estimated volume of distribution was 0.31 (0.28-0.34) L/kg.

CONCLUSION: Magnesium bolus therapy after cardiac surgery leads to a significant but short-lived increase of magnesium serum concentration due to renal excretion and distribution, and the magnesium balance is neutral after 12 hours.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app