JOURNAL ARTICLE

The effect of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) on acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac surgery: a prospective, randomised trial

H-W Oh, J-H Lee, H-C Kim, E-H Kim, I-K Song, H-S Kim, J-T Kim
Anaesthesia 2018, 73 (2): 205-215
29150842
We have evaluated the effect of a colloid solution on acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac surgery. A total of 195 patients were ramdomly divided into an hydroxyethyl starch group and a control group. In the starch group, 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (Volulyte® ) was used as the primary fluid for volume resuscitation but was limited to 30 ml.kg-1 . In the control group, only crystalloid fluid was used during the peri-operative period. The incidence of acute kidney injury, peri-operative transfusion, clinical outcomes and laboratory data were compared. The incidence of acute kidney injury determined by Paediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage renal disease (pRIFLE) and Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria were no different between the two groups (starch group 40.8% vs. control group 30.0%; p = 0.150 using pRIFLE; 19.6% vs. 21.1% respectively, p = 0.602 using AKIN). There were no differences in clinical outcomes such as mortality, major adverse events, intensive care unit stay or duration of mechanical ventilation. Clotting time as measured using rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) was prolonged, and clot firmness after 10 min and maximal clot firmness were shorter in the starch group compared with the control group after sternal closure. There was no difference in transfusion between the two groups. Patients with acute kidney injury had worse clinical courses than those without acute kidney injury. We conclude that intra-operative use of 6% hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 up to 30 ml.kg-1 was not associated with postoperative acute kidney injury in paediatric cardiac patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29150842
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"