JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Paranasal sinus malignancy: a comprehensive update.

Laryngoscope 1989 Februrary
A retrospective analysis of 60 cases of paranasal sinus cancer in patients admitted between 1970 and 1985 was undertaken. Forty-six tumors originated in the maxillary sinus, and 14 originated in the ethmoid sinuses. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and endoscopic sinus examination aided in early diagnosis of sinus cancer. Computed tomography aided in staging tumors; Caldwell-Luc alone was inadequate for staging tumors invading deeper sites such as the orbits or pterygoid muscle. There were 15 early (T1 or T2) and 31 advanced (T3 or T4) maxillary sinus cancers. Multimodality therapy incorporated radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy. The 5-year survival rate was 49%. We prefer preoperative radiotherapy for advanced lesions and postoperative radiotherapy for early lesions. The use of preoperative radiation therapy has increased our globe salvage rate. All but one of the patients who developed recurrent disease showed recurrence at the primary site prior to developing regional or distant metastasis. Radiation therapy, combined with aggressive surgical management to remove all tumor, provided the best survival rates in advanced lesions.

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