Evaluation of the Pharmacodynamic Effects of the Potassium Binder RDX7675 in Mice

James P Davidson, Andrew J King, Padmapriya Kumaraswamy, Jeremy S Caldwell, Paul Korner, Robert C Blanks, Jeffrey W Jacobs
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 2018, 23 (3): 244-253

INTRODUCTION: Hyperkalemia is a common complication in patients with heart failure or chronic kidney disease, particularly those who are taking inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. RDX7675, the calcium salt of a reengineered polystyrene sulfonate-based resin, is a potassium binder that is being investigated as a novel treatment for hyperkalemia. This study evaluated the pharmacodynamic effects of RDX7675 in mice, compared to 2 current treatments, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) and patiromer.

METHODS: Seven groups of 8 male CD-1 mice were given either standard chow (controls) or standard chow containing 4.0% or 6.6% active moiety of RDX7675, patiromer, or SPS for 72 hours. Stool and urine were collected over the final 24 hours of treatment for ion excretion analyses.

RESULTS: RDX7675 increased stool potassium (mean 24-hour excretion: 4.0%, 9.19 mg; 6.6%, 18.11 mg; both P < .0001) compared with controls (4.47 mg) and decreased urinary potassium (mean 24-hour excretion: 4.0%, 12.05 mg, P < .001; 6.6%, 6.68 mg, P < .0001; vs controls, 20.38 mg). The potassium-binding capacity of RDX7675 (stool potassium/gram of resin: 4.0%, 1.14 mEq/g; 6.6%, 1.32 mEq/g) was greater (all P < .0001) than for patiromer (4.0%, 0.63 mEq/g; 6.6%, 0.48 mEq/g) or SPS (4.0%, 0.73 mEq/g; 6.6% 0.55 mEq/g). RDX7675 and patiromer decreased urinary sodium (mean 24-hour excretion: 0.07-1.38 mg; all P < .001) compared to controls (5.01 mg). In contrast, SPS increased urinary sodium excretion (4.0%, 13.31 mg; 6.6%, 17.60 mg; both P < .0001) compared to controls.

CONCLUSIONS: RDX7675 reduced intestinal potassium absorption and had a greater potassium-binding capacity than patiromer or SPS in mice. The calcium-based resins RDX7675 and patiromer reduced intestinal sodium absorption, unlike sodium-based SPS. These results support further studies in humans to confirm the potential of RDX7675 for the treatment of patients with hyperkalemia.


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