JOURNAL ARTICLE

NLX-112, a highly selective 5-HT 1A receptor agonist: Effects on body temperature and plasma corticosterone levels in rats

A Newman-Tancredi, R Depoortère, E Carilla-Durand, J P Tarayre, M Kleven, W Koek, L Bardin, M A Varney
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 2018, 165: 56-62
29126856
NLX-112 (a.k.a. F13640 or befiradol), exhibits nanomolar affinity, exceptional selectivity and high agonist efficacy at 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT1A receptors. It possesses marked activity in a variety of animal models of depression, pain and L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia. However, its influence on translational biomarkers of central 5-HT1A receptor activation has not been previously described. Here, we report on the activity, in rats, of NLX-112 to increase plasma corticosterone levels and produce hypothermia, two responses which are also elicited by 5-HT1A receptor agonists in humans. NLX-112 elicited dose-dependent hypothermia (minimal effective dose, MED: 0.31mg/kg p.o.) and also increased plasma corticosterone both by oral and intraperitoneal routes (MED: 0.63mg/kg in both cases). The increase in corticosterone induced by NLX-112 (0.63mg/kg p.o.) was abolished by co-administration of the selective 5-HT1A receptor antagonist, WAY100635. Additionally, NLX-112 also dose-dependently induced flat body posture, forepaw treading and lower lip retraction (MEDs 0.31-0.63mg/kg p.o.). The doses of NLX-112 which induce hypothermia or corticosterone release were similar to those inducing serotonergic behaviors but greater than those reported previously in models of therapeutic-like activity (range 0.04 to 0.16mg/kg). Overall, the present study provides information for clinical dose estimations of NLX-112 and suggests that therapeutic effects may occur at doses below those at which biomarker responses are observed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29126856
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"