JOURNAL ARTICLE

Exploration of Predictive Biomarkers of Early Infliximab Response in Acute Severe Colitis: A Prospective Pilot Study

Lauren Beswick, Ourania Rosella, Gennaro Rosella, Belinda Headon, Miles P Sparrow, Peter R Gibson, Daniel R van Langenberg
Journal of Crohn's & Colitis 2018 February 28, 12 (3): 289-297
29121178

Background: The outcomes of acute severe ulcerative colitis [ASUC] appear to be dependent on early intervention with the first and/or further infliximab [IFX] doses, although parameters to guide decision-making remain uncertain.

Aim: To assess whether serum/faecal IFX levels and inflammatory biomarkers early after IFX dose can predict ASUC outcomes.

Methods: This prospective pilot study consecutively recruited inpatients with steroid-refractory ASUC, who then received 1-3 IFX rescue doses [5 mg/kg per dose] at the discretion of the treating clinician. Serum IFX, C-reactive protein [CRP], albumin and faecal calprotectin [FC] concentrations were measured daily as an inpatient, and then 7, 14, 28 and 42 days post-first IFX. Faecal IFX was measured 1 day post-IFX. The primary end point was clinical remission (partial Mayo [PM] = 0) and CRP ≤3 mg/l at 6 weeks. Secondary end points were 12-week clinical remission or colectomy during follow-up.

Results: Of 24 ASUC patients with a median follow-up of 28 months [range 13-44], 10 [42%] achieved remission at 6 weeks, 12 [50%] achieved 12-week remission, six [25%] had colectomy. In total, 97% received either two or three IFX doses. Post-first dose, receiver-operator curve-derived cutoffs of the area-under-curve [AUC, Days 4-7] concentrations for serum IFX, FC and PM scores each predicted the primary end point with 100% sensitivity, and predicted future colectomy with 89-94% sensitivity. In multivariate analyses, faecal IFX >1 µg/g (odds ratio [OR] 0.04 [0.2, 0.9]), PM AUCd1-3 < 20 (OR 20.2 [1.01, 404], each P < 0.05), FC AUCd1-3 < 10000 µg/ml [OR 13.6 [0.6, 294], trend only, p = 0.09) were each associated with clinical and CRP remission [6 weeks].

Conclusions: In ASUC, post-first dose IFX, early assessment of serum/faecal IFX, calprotectin and PM scores can accurately predict future remission and colectomy, and thus potentially aid in decision-making, i.e. accelerated IFX dosing or surgical planning if/when needed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29121178
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"