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[Neurofibromas in the urogenital system: Report of two cases and literature review.]

María Asunción Costa-Martínez, Matías Prieto Vita, Liliana Elisabeth Garcés Proaño, Carlos Carro Rubias, Manuel Ángel Ortiz Gorraiz, Ernesto De Nova Sánchez
Archivos Españoles de Urología 2017, 70 (9): 796-799

OBJECTIVE: We introduce two cases of a 46 and 66-year-old patient, both diagnosed with pelvic neurofibroma (One located in a seminal vesicle, the other in the bladder). The first patient had been diagnosed with Neurofibromatosis type 1 while the other was diagnosed with a sporadic neurofibroma.

METHODS: During a study for lower urinary tract symptoms referred, these patients were diagnosed seminal vesicle and bladder neurofibroma, respectively, using image and histological tests.

RESULTS: The histopathological and inmunohistochemical characteristics of these benign tumors gave the definitive diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS: Pelvic neurofibromas are a rare entity in this anatomical location. They can be associated with Neurofibromatosis type 1 or not. We get to their diagnosis by an anatomopathological study. Conservative management is the usual procedure, being mandatory a clinical follow-up that must be coupled with image tests.


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