Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Progesterone Suppression of Luteinizing Hormone Pulse Frequency in Adolescent Girls With Hyperandrogenism: Effects of Metformin.

Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and adolescent hyperandrogenism (HA) are characterized by rapid luteinizing hormone (LH) pulse frequency. This partly reflects impaired gonadotropin-releasing hormone pulse generator (hypothalamic) sensitivity to progesterone (P4) negative feedback. We assessed whether metformin may improve P4 sensitivity in adolescent HA, for which it is prescribed widely.

Objective: To test the hypothesis that metformin improves hypothalamic P4 sensitivity in adolescent HA.

Design: Nonrandomized, interventional trial.

Setting: Academic clinical research unit.

Participants: Ten adolescent girls with HA.

Intervention: The girls underwent LH sampling every 10 minutes for 11 hours, at study baseline and after 7 days of oral P4 and estradiol (E2). Participants then took metformin (1 g twice daily) for 9.4 to 13.7 weeks, after which participants again underwent frequent LH sampling before and after 7 days of oral P4 and E2 (while continuing metformin). Total and free testosterone (T) and fasting insulin were assessed at each admission. At admissions 1 and 3, 2-hour oral glucose tolerance tests were performed.

Main Outcome Measure: Metformin-related change in hypothalamic P4 sensitivity index [percent change in LH pulse frequency (before vs after P4 and E2) divided by day 7 P4 level].

Results: Free T levels decreased by 29% with metformin (P = 0.0137). Measures of hyperinsulinemia and P4 sensitivity index did not significantly change with metformin use.

Conclusion: Short-term metformin use improved biochemical hyperandrogenemia, but did not improve hypothalamic sensitivity to P4 suppression, in adolescent girls.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app