Dynamic changes in the dimensions of the lumbar spinal canal: an experimental study in vitro

N Schönström, S Lindahl, J Willén, T Hansson
Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 1989, 7 (1): 115-21
The variation in the dimensions of the lumbar spinal canal under both flexion-extension and axial compression-distraction was studied using computerized tomography (CT) scans in human cadaver lumbar spine specimens. In 3-mm-thick CT slices through the disk at L3-L4, the cross-sectional area of the spinal canal was reduced by around 40 mm2, corresponding to a 16% reduction of the initial area when the lumbar spines were moved both from flexion to extension and from distraction to compression. A corresponding reduction in the midsagittal diameter of the canal of 2 mm was found. During these motions, the ligamentum flavum did not appear to be a significant factor for the dynamic changes affecting the dimensions of the canal. This held true even after the disk had been excised in order to produce a total collapse of the disk space.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"