Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis in Older Adults: Optimizing Cardiac Imaging to the Corresponding Diagnostic and Management Goal

Adam Castaño, Daniel K Manson, Mathew S Maurer, Sabahat Bokhari
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports 2017, 11

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis is increasingly recognized as an important cause of heart failure in older adults. Many cardiac imaging modalities have evolved to evaluate transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis and include 2D echocardiography with tissue Doppler and speckle-strain imaging, nuclear scintigraphy, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography. The purpose of this review is to highlight the optimal selection of advanced cardiac imaging techniques with corresponding diagnostic goals including raising suspicion, making an early diagnosis, and subtyping transthyretin cardiac amyloid, as well as management goals including assessment of ventricular impairment, prognosticating, and monitoring disease progression. Potential benefits of optimizing cardiac imaging in the elderly patient with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis may include enhanced and earlier diagnosis and refined long-term management.

RECENT FINDINGS: Advances in cardiac imaging techniques are changing diagnostic and management algorithms for transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis.

SUMMARY: With a new era of novel therapeutics, enhanced recognition, and earlier diagnosis approaching, selecting the appropriate non-invasive cardiac imaging modality will be essential for optimal care in the elderly patient with transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis.

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