The effect of acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) on trophoblast-endothelial interaction in vitro

Bei Xu, Renuka Shanmugalingam, Katrina Chau, Suzanne Pears, Annemarie Hennessy, Angela Makris
Journal of Reproductive Immunology 2017, 124: 54-61
Early administration of low dose acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) in high risk women reduces the risk of early onset preeclampsia. This study aims to investigate the effect of aspirin on trophoblast integration and the its effect on angiogenic and invasive pathways in an in-vitro model of preeclampsia. Red fluorescent-labeled human uterine myometrial microvascular endothelial cells (UtMVECs) were seeded on matrigel to form endothelial networks. Green fluorescent-labeled trophoblastic HTR-8/SVneo cells were co-cultured with the endothelial networks with/without TNF-a (0.5ng/mL) and/or aspirin (0.1mM) for 24h. Fluorescent images were captured and quantified by Image J to examine the effects of TNF-a and aspirin on the trophoblast-endothelial integration. Conditioned media were collected to measure free VEGF, PlGF and sFlt-1 by ELISA and PGF1a by Enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Cells were retrieved to examine mRNA expression of angiogenic factors (VEGF, PlGF and sFlt-1), invasion markers (MMP-2 and TIMP-1), endothelial cell activation markers (E-selectin and VCAM), eNOS and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 by quantitative PCR. Aspirin reversed the inhibitory effect of TNF-a on trophoblast cell integration into endothelial cellular networks. TNF-a increased PGF1a production (128±11%, p<0.05), whilst aspirin reversed the TNF-a effect on PGF1a production (19±4%, p<0.01). TNF-a decreased the mRNA expression of PlGF, eNOS, MMP-2 and TIMP-1, and stimulated COX2, E-selectin and VCAM mRNA expression. Aspirin did not reverse the TNF-a effect on these molecules. Aspirin improves trophoblast cell integration into endothelial cellular networks by inhibiting the effect of TNF-a via PGI2 with no significant effect on antiangiogenic, invasive or endothelial activation markers.

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