JOURNAL ARTICLE

Transplanted human p75-positive stem Leydig cells replace disrupted Leydig cells for testosterone production

Min Zhang, Jiancheng Wang, Chunhua Deng, Mei Hua Jiang, Xin Feng, Kai Xia, Weiqiang Li, Xingqiang Lai, Haipeng Xiao, Ren-Shan Ge, Yong Gao, Andy Peng Xiang
Cell Death & Disease 2017 October 12, 8 (10): e3123
29022899
Previous studies have demonstrated that rodent stem Leydig cell (SLC) transplantation can partially restore testosterone production in Leydig cell (LC)-disrupted or senescent animal models, which provides a promising approach for the treatment of hypogonadism. Here, we isolated human SLCs prospectively and explored the potential therapeutic benefits of human SLC transplantation for hypogonadism treatment. In adult human testes, p75 neurotrophin receptor positive (p75+ ) cells expressed the known SLC marker nestin, but not the LC lineage marker hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-3β (HSD3β). The p75+ cells which were sorted by flow cytometry from human adult testes could expand in vitro and exhibited clonogenic self-renewal capacity. The p75+ cells had multi-lineage differentiation potential into multiple mesodermal cell lineages and testosterone-producing LCs in vitro. After transplantation into the testes of ethane dimethane sulfonate (EDS)-treated LC-disrupted rat models, the p75+ cells differentiated into LCs in vivo and secreted testosterone in a physiological pattern. Moreover, p75+ cell transplantation accelerated the recovery of serum testosterone levels, spermatogenesis and reproductive organ weights. Taken together, we reported a method for the identification and isolation of human SLCs on the basis of p75 expression, and demonstrated that transplanted human p75+ SLCs could replace disrupted LCs for testosterone production. These findings provide the groundwork for further clinical application of human SLCs for hypogonadism.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29022899
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"