Aerobic Dechlorination of Dichloromethane Using Biostimulation Agent BD-C in Continuous and Batch Cultures of Xanthobacter autotrophicus GJ10

Akifumi Hosoda, Yuta Isomura, Syungo Takeo, Takuho Onai, Kazutaka Takeuchi, Minoru Toda, Hiroto Tamura
Journal of Oleo Science 2017 November 1, 66 (11): 1247-1256
It is important to construct microbiological treatment systems for organic solvent-contaminated water. We developed a continuous culture supplemented with a biostimulation agent named BD-C, which is formulated from canola oil, and Xanthobacter autotrophicus strain GJ10 for an aerobic dichloromethane (DCM)-dechlorinating microorganism. The continuous culture was a chemostat constructed using a 1 L screw-capped bottle containing artificial wastewater medium with 2.0 mM DCM and 1.0% (v/v) BD-C. The expression of genes for DCM metabolism in the dechlorinating aerobe was monitored and analyzed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Strain GJ10 was able to dechlorinate approximately 74% of the DCM in medium supplemented with BD-C during 12 days of incubation. The DCM dechlorination rate was calculated to be 0.11 mM/day. TheΔΔ CT method showed that expression of haloalkane dehalogenase increased 5.4 times in the presence of BD-C. Based on batch culture growth tests conducted with mineral salt medium containing three DCM concentrations (0.07, 0.20, 0.43 and 0.65 mM) with BD-C, the apparent maximum specific consumption rate (νmax ) and the saturation constant (Ks ) determined for DCM degradation in this test were 19.0 nmol/h/CFU and 0.44 mM, respectively. In conclusion, BD-C enhanced the aerobic degradation of DCM by strain GJ10.

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