JOURNAL ARTICLE

Fertility-preserving surgery for advanced stage ovarian germ cell tumors

Dimitrios Nasioudis, Melissa K Frey, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Thomas A Caputo, Kevin Holcomb
Gynecologic Oncology 2017, 147 (3): 493-496
29021083

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and safety of uterine preservation among premenopausal women diagnosed with a malignant ovarian germ-cell tumor (MOGCT) of advanced stage (stage II-IV).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Cancer Database was accessed and a cohort of women aged <40years, diagnosed with a MOGCT were identified. Those with stage II-IV disease who underwent cancer-directed surgery and received chemotherapy were selected for further analysis. Performance of hysterectomy was assessed from site-specific surgery codes. Overall survival (OS) was determined following generation of Kaplan-Meier curves and compared with the log-rank test. A Cox multivariate model was constructed to control for possible confounders.

RESULTS: A total of 526 eligible patients were identified; rate of hysterectomy was 20.2%. Women who had a hysterectomy were older (median age 30.5 vs 20years, p<0.001) and more likely to present with bilateral tumors (12.6% vs 3.8%, p<0.001). No differences were noted based on tumor histology (p=0.67). Rate of uterine preservation was 82.8%, 79.5% and 75% for those with stage II, III and IV disease respectively (p=0.46). There was no difference in OS between women who had hysterectomy and those who did not (p=0.051); five-year OS rates were 87.1% and 94.4% respectively. After controlling for disease stage, tumor histology and patient race, uterine preservation was not associated with a decreased survival (HR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.28, 1.24, p=0.19).

CONCLUSIONS: Uterine preservation was not associated with decreased survival and should be considered in women with advanced stage GCTs interested in future fertility.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
29021083
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.