Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy treated as ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Christopher J Parr, Rajat Sharma, Philip J Garber
CJEM 2017 October 2, : 1-5
Electrocardiographic changes resulting from apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may mimic an acute coronary syndrome. A 67-year-old Sudanese male without cardiac risk factors presented to hospital with chest pain and electrocardiographic findings of septal ST-segment elevation, ST-segment depression in V4-V6, and diffuse T-wave inversion. He was treated as an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction with thrombolytics. There was no cardiac biomarker rise and coronary angiography did not reveal evidence of significant coronary arterial disease. Ventriculography, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging were consistent with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The patient was discharged three days later with outpatient cardiology follow-up. We highlight the clinical and electrocardiographic findings of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, with an emphasis on distinguishing this from acute myocardial infarction.

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