JOURNAL ARTICLE

Selective Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide to Ethanol on a Boron- and Nitrogen-Co-doped Nanodiamond

Yanming Liu, Yujing Zhang, Kai Cheng, Xie Quan, Xinfei Fan, Yan Su, Shuo Chen, Huimin Zhao, Yaobin Zhang, Hongtao Yu, Michael R Hoffmann
Angewandte Chemie 2017 December 4, 56 (49): 15607-15611
28914470
Electrochemical reduction of CO2 to ethanol, a clean and renewable liquid fuel with high heating value, is an attractive strategy for global warming mitigation and resource utilization. However, converting CO2 to ethanol remains great challenge due to the low activity, poor product selectivity and stability of electrocatalysts. Here, the B- and N-co-doped nanodiamond (BND) was reported as an efficient and stable electrode for selective reduction of CO2 to ethanol. Good ethanol selectivity was achieved on the BND with high Faradaic efficiency of 93.2 % (-1.0 V vs. RHE), which overcame the limitation of low selectivity for multicarbon or high heating value fuels. Its superior performance was mainly originated from the synergistic effect of B and N co-doping, high N content and overpotential for hydrogen evolution. The possible pathway for CO2 reduction revealed by DFT computation was CO2 →*COOH→*CO→*COCO→*COCH2 OH→*CH2 OCH2 OH→CH3 CH2 OH.

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