JOURNAL ARTICLE

ICG-001 suppresses growth of gastric cancer cells and reduces chemoresistance of cancer stem cell-like population

Yi Liu, Hui Chen, Peiming Zheng, Yingxia Zheng, Qin Luo, Guohua Xie, Yanhui Ma, Lisong Shen
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR 2017 September 11, 36 (1): 125
28893318

BACKGROUND: ICG-001, a small molecule, binds CREB-binding protein (CBP) to disrupt its interaction with β-catenin and inhibits CBP function as a co-activator of Wnt/β-catenin-mediated transcription. Given its ability to inhibit Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, ICG-001 has been used in some tumor types to exert its anticarcinogenic effect. Here, we examined ICG-001 and its potential role as a therapeutic in gastric cancer (GC).

METHODS: The gastric cancer cell lines SGC-7901, MGC-803, BGC-823 and MKN-45 were used in vitro and in vivo. The abilities of cell proliferation, tumor sphere formation, metastasis, tumorgenesis and chemoresistance to chemotherapy drugs in vitro were evaluated by MTT assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry, migration and invasion assay, and tumor spheres culture. The in vivo experiments were performed using a subcutaneous transplantation tumor model in athymic nude mice. Alterations at RNA and protein levels were followed by qRT-PCR, western blot, coimmunoprecipitations and immunofluorescence assay.

RESULTS: In this study, we showed that ICG-001 significantly inhibited growth and metastasis of multiple GC cell lines, induced cell apoptosis, and augmented in vitro tumor spheres suppression when used in combination with chemotherapy drugs probably through robustly blocking association of β-catenin with CBP and N-cadherin, but promoting association of β-catenin with P300 and E-cadherin, instead of altering the distribution and expression of β-catenin.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that ICG-001 suppresses GC cell line growth, metastasis and reduces its stem cell-like properties and chemoresistance, indicating that ICG-001 is a potentially useful small molecule therapeutic for GC.

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