Effects of hydrogen sulfide on inducible nitric oxide synthase activity and expression of cardiomyocytes in diabetic rats

Rui Yang, Qiang Jia, Xiao-Fen Liu, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Shan-Feng Ma
Molecular Medicine Reports 2017, 16 (4): 5277-5284
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on the activity and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the myocardial tissue of type 1 diabetic rats. Rats were divided randomly into four groups: Normal control (NC), diabetes mellitus (DM), DM+DL‑Proparglygylcine (DM+PAG) and DM+sodium hydrosulfide (DM+NaHS) groups. Type 1 diabetes was induced in the respective groups by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin. Rats in the DM+PAG and DM+NaHS groups were injected with PAG and NaHS (i.p.) once a day, respectively. The level of fasting blood glucose (FBG), the heart‑weight to body‑weight (HW/BW) ratio and the ventricular hemodynamic parameters were measured. The activities of serum total NOS (tNOS), iNOS, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase MB isozyme (CK‑MB), and the content of nitric oxide (NO) were detected. The contents of myocardial malondialdehyde (MDA) and NO, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), tNOS and iNOS were determined. The myocardial tissue was examined for histological and ultrastructural alterations. The expression level of iNOS at the transcriptional and translational levels in the myocardial tissue was estimated. The level of FBG was increased in the DM group compared with the NC group, verifying the diabetic condition of the rats. The function of the left ventricle, the myocardial histological alterations and ultrastructures were damaged in the DM group. The DM group additionally demonstrated an increase in the serum NO content and tNOS, iNOS, LDH, CK and CK‑MB activities. The myocardial MDA, NO content and tNOS levels were additionally increased in this group. The iNOS activity was increased significantly whereas the myocardial SOD activity was decreased. The increase in the iNOS activity was supported by an enhanced expression level of myocardial iNOS mRNA and protein in the DM group. In the DM+PAG group, in the absence of H2S, the dysfunction of the left ventricle and the oxidative stress injury were increased compared with the DM group. The activity and the expression of tNOS and iNOS were increased significantly. However, the rats in the DM+PAG group demonstrated the opposite effects. In conclusion, H2S exhibits a protective effect on the myocardium in type 1 diabetic rats, which may be associated with the suppression of iNOS activity and expression, a decrease in the NO content and the inhibition of oxidative stress injury.

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