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Two Sides of the Same Coin: The Positive and Negative Impact of Spiritual Religious Coping on Quality of Life and Depression in Dialysis Patients

Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Renata de Castro E Santos Soares, Ana Eliza Oliveira Santos, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Paulo José Oliveira Cortez, Giancarlo Lucchetti
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association 2018, 36 (4): 332-340

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that spiritual/religious beliefs are associated with mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, few studies evaluated how spiritual/religious coping (SRC) could affect hemodialysis patients.

OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the role of SRC behaviors on HRQoL and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: This was cross-sectional study with 184 patients. Patients completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Brief SRC Scale, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and a Sociodemographic and Health Characterization Questionnaire.

RESULTS: From 218 patients, 184 (84.4%) were included (53.8% male with a median age of 55.9 years). Negative SRC, but not positive SRC, was associated with depressive symptoms. Positive SRC presented significant effects in SF-36 pain and physical and social functioning. On the other hand, negative SRC exhibited significant effects in SF-36 role emotional, energy/fatigue, pain, and physical functioning.

CONCLUSION: SRC influences the mental health and HRQoL in Brazilian hemodialysis patients in two distinct ways. If used positively, it may have positive outcomes. However, if used negatively, it may lead to dysfunctional consequences such as greater depressive symptomatology and affect HRQoL. Health professionals must be aware of these "two sides of the same coin."


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