Polymorphisms of miR-146a, miR-149, miR-196a2, and miR-499 are associated with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in Korean postmenopausal women

Tae-Keun Ahn, Jung-Oh Kim, Hemant Kumar, Hyemi Choi, Min-Jae Jo, Seil Sohn, Alexander E Ropper, Nam-Keun Kim, In-Bo Han
Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 2018, 36 (1): 244-253
Genetic factors have been shown to be a small but significant predictor for osteoporosis and osteoporotic fracture risk. We performed a case-control association study to determine the association between miR-146a, miR-149, miR-196a2, and miR-499 polymorphisms and osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) susceptibility. In total, 286 unrelated postmenopausal Korean women (57 with OVCFs, 55 with non-OVCFs, and 174 healthy controls) were recruited. All subjects underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry to determine BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck. We focused on four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of pre-miRNA sequences including miR-146aC>G (rs2910164), miR-149T>C (rs2292832), miR-196a2T>C (rs11614913), and miR-499A>G (rs3746444). Genotype frequencies of these four SNPs were determined using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. The TT genotype of miR-149aT>C was less frequent in subjects with OVCFs, suggesting a protective effect against OVCF risk (Odds ratio [OR], 0.435; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.22-0.85, p = 0.014), whereas the miR-146aCG/ miR-196a2TC combined genotype was more frequent in OVCF patients (OR, 5.163; 95%CI, 1.057-25.21, p = 0.043), suggesting an increase in OVCF risk. Additionally, combinations of miR-146a, -149, -196a2, and -449 showed a significant association with increased prevalence of OVCFs in postmenopausal women. In particular, the miR-146aG/-149T/-196a2C/-449G allele combination was significantly associated with an increased risk of OVCF (OR, 35.01; 95% CI, 1.919-638.6, p = 0.001). Our findings suggest that the TT genotype of miR-149aT>C may contribute to decreased susceptibility to OVCF in Korean postmenopausal women. Conversely, the miR-146aCG/ miR-196a2TC combined genotype and the miR-146aG/-149T/-196a2C/-449G allele combination may contribute to increased susceptibility to OVCF. © 2017 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 36:244-253, 2018.

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