MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Endobronchial embolization for life-threatening hemoptysis with Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot

Sze Shyang Kho, Swee Kim Chan, Mei Ching Yong, Siew Teck Tie
BMC Research Notes 2017 July 21, 10 (1): 304
28732541

BACKGROUND: Massive hemoptysis is a common encounter in respiratory medicine. Bronchoscopy plays an important role in localizing the origin of bleeding, as well as endoscopic treatment of centrally located lesions. Endobronchial embolization is a novel technique enabling the management of hemoptysis arising even from peripheral lesions, via occlusion of the culprit bronchus, thereby securing the airway. Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot had been advocate in the treatment of bronchopleural fistula and the use of this novel technique had since then been expanded into the management of massive hemoptysis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case in Malaysia.

CASE PRESENTATION: 78-year-old lady who presented with life-threatening hemoptysis leading rapidly to cardiac arrest upon arrival. Spontaneous circulation was restored after resuscitation with an urgent thoracic computed tomography angiogram revealed bleeding likely from the posterior basal segment of left lower lobe, with bronchiectatic changes. Urgent flexible bronchoscopy revealed airway flooding, with bleeding originating from the lingular and posterior-basal segment of the left lower lobe. Airway toileting was performed and two 7 mm Endobronchial Watanabe Spigots were plugged into the culprit bronchi. Urgent bronchial artery embolization was then attempted, but was unsuccessful. She was managed conservatively, as surgical resection was deemed high risk. The spigots were removed 4 days later uneventfully. There was no recurrence of hemoptysis, and patient remained well during 1-month follow up.

CONCLUSIONS: The utmost priority in managing life-threatening hemoptysis is to prevent airway flooding. Endobronchial embolization with Endobronchial Watanabe Spigot is useful as a temporary measure before definitive therapy, or can itself be the main therapeutic player in the hemoptysis armament for high-risk patients.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28732541
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"