Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Cementless Cup Supporter and Iliac Autograft: A Minimum of 15-Year Follow-Up

Kensuke Yoshino, Tadashi Tsukeoka, Yoshikazu Tsuneizumi, Tae Hyun Lee, Junichi Nakamura, Masahiko Suzuki, Seiji Ohtori
Journal of Arthroplasty 2017, 32 (11): 3495-3501

BACKGROUND: Bone deficiency in revision total hip arthroplasty is a surgical challenge. The Murata-Chiba cup supporter (MC support ring) is an acetabular component supporter for a cementless porous-coated cup. The purpose of this study is to examine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of reconstruction of acetabular bone deficiency using iliac autografts supported by an MC support ring in a revision setting with minimum 15-year follow-up.

METHODS: Fifty-nine consecutive revision total hip arthroplasties (57 patients) using the MC support ring were followed for a minimum of 15 years. Nine hips had American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons type II deficiency and 24 had type III defects of the acetabulum. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Harris hip score. Radiographic evaluation included assessment for loosening and bone graft incorporation. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed.

RESULTS: At a minimum 15-year follow-up (mean, 17.6 years), 32 patients (33 hips) were alive, 17 patients (18 hips) were deceased, and 8 patients (8 hips) were lost to follow-up. The mean Harris hip score improved from 44.3 to 77.2 at final follow-up. Four hips required reoperation due to deep infection (2 hips) and liner dissociation (2 hips), but no acetabular components were revised for aseptic loosening. Incorporation of the bone graft occurred in all cases. One unrevised patient had radiographic failure. Survivorship at 15 years with re-revision or radiographic failure as the end point was 90.6% (95% confidence interval, 83.0%-98.8%).

CONCLUSION: The reconstruction of acetabular bone deficiency using autografts supported by an MC support ring provided satisfactory clinical and radiological results at 17.6 years postoperatively.

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