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Decoy receptor 3 down-regulates centrosomal protein 70 kDa specifically in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts

Koji Fukuda, Yasushi Miura, Toshihisa Maeda, Shinya Hayashi, Ryosuke Kuroda
Modern Rheumatology 2018, 28 (2): 287-292

OBJECTIVES: Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) competitively binds to Fas ligand, lymphotoxin-related inducible ligand that competes for glycoprotein D binding to herpes virus entry mediator on T cells (LIGHT) and TNF-like ligand 1A (TL1A), thereby preventing their effects. Using a microarray assay, we previously newly identified centrosomal protein 70 kDa (CEP70) as one of the genes whose expression in fibroblast-like synoviocytes from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA-FLS) is reduced by DcR3. Here, we investigated the significance of DcR3 regulation of CEP70 for RA-FLS.

METHODS: Synovial samples were obtained from RA patients who had never been treated with biologics and from osteoarthritis (OA) patients. CEP70 mRNA expression was quantified using RT-qPCR analysis. CEP70 protein expression was assessed using immunohistochemical and western blot analyses.

RESULTS: CEP70 was expressed predominantly in the superficial lining layer in RA synovial tissue. CEP70 expression was dose-dependently downregulated by DcR3-Fc in RA-FLS but was not downregulated in OA-FLS. TL1A antibody prevented the DcR3-Fc inhibitory effects on CEP70 expression in RA-FLS.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that DcR3 reduces CEP70 expression in RA-FLS by binding to membrane-bound TL1A and may suppress RA-FLS proliferation. The reduction in CEP70 expression by DcR3/TL1A signaling may control the hyperplasia of RA synovium.


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