Identification of the Aggregation-sex Pheromone Produced by Male Monochamus saltuarius, a Major Insect Vector of the Pine Wood Nematode

Hyo-Rim Lee, Sung-Chan Lee, Dong Ha Lee, Won-Sil Choi, Chan-Sik Jung, Jae-Ho Jeon, Jeong-Eun Kim, Il-Kwon Park
Journal of Chemical Ecology 2017, 43 (7): 670-678
In this study, we isolated and identified an aggregation-sex pheromone from Monochamus saltuarius, the major insect vector of the pine wood nematode in Korea. Adult males of M. saltuarius produce 2-undecyloxy-1-ethanol, which is known as an aggregation-sex pheromone in other Monochamus species. We performed field experiments to determine the attractiveness of the pheromone and other synergists. More M. saltuarius adult beetles were attracted to traps baited with the pheromone than to unbaited traps. Ethanol and (-)-α-pinene interacted synergistically with the pheromone. Traps baited with the pheromone + (-)-α-pinene +ethanol were more attractive to M. saltuarius adults than traps baited with the pheromone, (-)-α-pinene, or ethanol alone. Ipsenol, ipsdienol, and limonene were also identified as synergists of the aggregation-sex pheromone for M. saltuarius adults. In field experiments, the proportion of females was much higher in the beetles caught in traps than among the beetles emerging from naturally-infested logs in the laboratory. Our results suggest that a combination of aggregation-sex pheromone and synergists could be very effective for monitoring and managing M. saltuarius.

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