Association between leg bowing and serum alkaline phosphatase level regardless of the presence of a radiographic growth plate abnormality in pediatric patients with genu varum

Yuko Sakamoto, Muneaki Ishijima, Mayuko Kinoshita, Lizu Liu, Mitsuyoshi Suzuki, Sung-Gon Kim, Koichi Kamata, Akifumi Tokita, Haruka Kaneko, Toshiaki Shimizu, Kazuo Kaneko, Masahiko Nozawa
Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 2018, 36 (4): 447-453
When children around 2 years of age show leg bowing and diseases are ruled out based on radiographic findings without conducting blood tests, they are classified as "physiologic" genu varum. Since whether or not physiologic genu varum is associated with bone metabolism is unclear, this study was conducted to clarify the association between genu varum and bone metabolism in children. Thirty-five pediatric patients with genu varm who visited our out-patient clinic were enrolled. While two of the 35 children had nutritional rickets, showing abnormalities on both blood test (ALP, ≥1000 IU/L; iPTH, >65 pg/mL and 25(OH)D, ≤20 ng/mL) and radiographs (such as cupping, fraying or splaying), five of 35 children showed abnormalities on blood tests but not radiographs. While metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle (MDA) correlated with serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (r = -0.35, p = 0.04) and magnesium (r = -0.36, p = 0.04), MDA and femorotibial angle (FTA) correlated with alkaline phosphatase (r = 0.43, p = 0.01 and r = 0.51, p = 0.006, respectively). A ridge regression analysis adjusted for age and body mass index indicated that ALP was associated with MDA and FTA. A logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and BMI indicated that higher ALP influenced an MDA >11°, which indicates the risk for the progression of genu varum (odds ratio 1.002, 95% confidence interval 1.0003-1.003, p = 0.021). The higher ALP (+100 IU), the higher risk of an MDA >11° (odds ratio 1.22). In conclusion, genu varum is associated with the alkaline phosphatase level regardless of the presence of radiographic abnormalities in the growth plate in children.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.