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T.R.U.S.T. Model for Inclusive Spiritual Care: Critique of Middle-Range Theory

Solomon Kasha Mcharo
Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association 2018, 36 (3): 282-290
Spiritual care has been recognized as an integral component to holistic health care promotion. Several middle-range theories in the recent years have been developed in an attempt to promote spiritual care in nursing practice and to guide research in spiritual nursing. However, there is still reluctance from nurses in addressing spiritual care needs for their patients. Fear of intrusion and a lack of technical know-how are among the reasons for this dilemma. The development of the T.R.U.S.T. Model for Inclusive Spiritual Care is to provide caregivers with a relevant, nonintrusive mode of care in their approach to spiritual nursing practice. The T.R.U.S.T. model provides guidelines to help address and accommodate different spiritual worldviews with the aim of promoting optimum healing. The following article is a critique of the T.R.U.S.T. Model for Inclusive Spiritual Care using Fawcett's criteria for evaluation.


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