Incidence, Treatment and Mortality in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Andreas Kühnl, Alexander Erk, Matthias Trenner, Michael Salvermoser, Volker Schmid, Hans-Henning Eckstein
Deutsches Ärzteblatt International 2017 June 5, 114 (22-23): 391-398

BACKGROUND: Aim of this study was to analyze hospital incidence, type of treatment, and hospital mortality rates of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in Germany from 2005 to 2014.

METHODS: Microdata of the diagnosis-related group (DRG) statistics compiled by the German Federal Statistical Office for the years 2005-2014 were analyzed. Patients who were hospitalized for a ruptured AAA (rAAA, ICD-10 code I71.3, treated either surgically or conservatively) or received surgical treatment for an unruptured AAA (nrAAA, ICD-10-Code I71.4, treated either with open surgery or an endovascular procedure) were included in the analysis. The "European Standard Population 2013" was used for direct standardization of the hospital incidences. In-hospital mortality was calculated with standardization for age and risk.

RESULTS: The standardized overall hospital incidence of AAA was 27.9 and 3.3 cases per 100 000 people for men and women, respectively; over the period of the study, the incidence of rAAA fell by 30% in both sexes and that of nrAAA rose by 16% in men and 42% in women. The percentage of patients receiving endovascular treatment rose from 29% to 75% in patients with nrAAA and from 8% to 36% in patients with rAAA. The age- and risk-standardized in-hospital mortality of nrAAA was 3.3% in men and 5.3% in women. The in-hospital mortality of surgically treated rAAA was 39% in men and 48% in women.

CONCLUSION: The hospital incidence of AAA rose from 2005 to 2014, while that of rAAA fell. Endovascular treatment became more common for nrAAA as well as rAAA, and in-hospital mortality fell for both.

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