JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

The clinical significance of pneumonia in patients with respiratory specimens harbouring multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: a 5-year retrospective study following 5667 patients in four general ICUs

B Borgatta, S Gattarello, C A Mazo, A T Imbiscuso, M N Larrosa, M Lujàn, J Rello
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 2017, 36 (11): 2155-2163
28624864
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the leading cause of pneumonia in intensive care units (ICUs), with multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains posing a serious threat. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical relevance of MDR Pseudomonas isolates in respiratory clinical specimens. A 5-year retrospective observational study in four medical-surgical ICUs from a referral hospital was carried out. Of 5667 adults admitted to the ICU, 69 had MDR-PA in respiratory samples: 31 were identified as having pneumonia (HAP/VAP): 21 ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and ten hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP). Twenty-one (67.7%) adults with MDR-PA HAP/VAP died after a median of 4 days (18 of the 21 deaths within 8 days), compared with one (2.6%) without pneumonia at day 8. In a Cox proportional regression model, MDR-PA pneumonia was an independent variable [adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) 5.92] associated with 30-day ICU mortality. Most strains (85.1%) were susceptible to amikacin and colistin. Resistance to beta-lactams (third-generation cephalosporins and piperacillin-tazobactam) ranged from 44.1% to 45.3%. Meropenem showed poor overall activity (MIC[50/90] 16/32 mg/dL), with 47.0% having a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) breakpoint >8 mg/L. Twenty-four (77.4%) HAP/VAP episodes received inappropriate empirical therapy. Although empirical combination therapy was associated with less inappropriate therapy than monotherapy (16.7% vs. 88.3%, p < 0.01), there was no difference in survival (30% vs. 33.3%, p = 0.8). Pneumonia was identified in one-third of adult ICU patients harbouring MDR-PA in respiratory clinical specimens. These patients have a 6-fold risk of (early) death compared to ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT) and respiratory colonisation. New antibiotics and adjuvant therapies are urgently needed to prevent and treat MDR-PA HAP/VAP.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28624864
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"