Post-Transfusion Purpura: A Case Report of an Underdiagnosed Phenomenon

Hind Rafei, Raza Yunus, Samah Nassereddine
Curēus 2017 May 1, 9 (5): e1207
28580204
Post-transfusion purpura is a rare transfusion-related complication that often goes undiagnosed. It is due to alloimmunization against platelet antigens which leads to acute profound thrombocytopenia following the transfusion of any platelet-containing product (red blood cells or platelets). It is commonly seen in multiparous women. Here, we report a case of post-transfusion purpura in a 56-year-old multiparous woman who developed acute thrombocytopenia seven days following a packed red blood cell transfusion. We will discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis, workup and treatment of this rare disease. It is important to recognize this entity separately and to include it in the differential diagnosis of acute thrombocytopenia after a recent blood transfusion. Treatment for this condition consists of intravenous immunoglobulins, corticosteroids or plasmapheresis.

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