JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Potential Medications or Compounds Acting on Toll-like Receptors in Cerebral Ischemia

Man Li, Jing Liu, Ying Bi, Jixiang Chen, Lei Zhao
Current Neuropharmacology 2018 January 30, 16 (2): 160-175
28571545

BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptors play an integral role in the process of inflammatory response after ischemic injury. The therapeutic potential acting on TLRs is worth of evaluations. The aim of this review was to introduce readers some potential medications or compounds which could alleviate the ischemic damage via TLRs.

METHODS: Research articles online on TLRs were reviewed. Categorizations were listed according to the follows, methods acting on TLRs directly, modulations of MyD88 or TRIF signaling pathway, and the ischemic tolerance induced by the preconditioning or postconditioning with TLR ligands or minor cerebral ischemia via acting on TLRs.

RESULTS: There are only a few studies concerning on direct effects. Anti-TLR4 or anti-TLR2 therapies may serve as promising strategies in acute events. Approaches targeting on inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway and enhancing interferon regulatory factor dependent signaling have attracted great interests. Not only drugs but compounds extracted from traditional Chinese medicine have been used to identify their neuroprotective effects against cerebral ischemia. In addition, many researchers have reported the positive therapeutic effects of preconditioning with agonists of TLR2, 3, 4, 7 and 9. Several trails have also explored the potential of postconditioning, which provide a new idea in ischemic treatments. Considering all the evidence above, many drugs and new compounds may have great potential to reduce ischemic insults.

CONCLUSION: This review will focus on promising therapies which exerting neuroprotective effects against ischemic injury by acting on TLRs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28571545
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"