Baseline Anthropometric and Metabolic Parameters Correlate with Weight Loss in Women 1-Year After Laparoscopic Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass

Arnaud Sans, Laurent Bailly, Rodolphe Anty, Igor Sielezenef, Jean Gugenheim, Albert Tran, Philippe Gual, Antonio Iannelli
Obesity Surgery 2017, 27 (11): 2940-2949

BACKGROUND: In this study, we explored in a prospective cohort of morbidly obese women undergoing laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGP) correlations between baseline anthropometrics, metabolic parameters, resting energy expenditure (REE), body composition, and 1-year % excess body mass index loss (%EBMIL). We also investigated risk factors for insufficient %EBMIL.

METHODS: One hundred three consecutive women were prospectively evaluated at baseline (age 40.6 ± 11.2, weight 113.9 kg ± 15.3, BMI 43.3 ± 4.9 kg/m2 ) and 1 year after LRYGP. Weight, excess weight, brachial circumference, waist circumference, fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) (measured with bioelectrical impedance analysis), REE, inflammation, insulin resistance, and lipid disturbances were determined before and 1 year after LRYGP.

RESULTS: At 1 year, mean weight loss was 39.8 kg ± 11.7 and mean EBMIL was 15.2 kg/m2  ± 4.2. Mean %EBMIL was 86% ± 21% (range 30-146%). Baseline brachial circumference, waist circumference and triceps skinfold thickness decreased significantly at 1 year (P < 0.001). Blood glucose and insulin levels, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and CRP also decreased significantly (P < 0.001). The mean loss of initial FFM and FM was 9.1 kg ± 8.2 (15%) and 30.7 kg ± 11.8 (53%), respectively. REE on body weight ratio (REE/BW) increased from 15.3 kcal/kg ± 2.8 to 18.4 kcal/kg ± 2.5 (p < 0.0001) and REE on FFM ratio decreased from 31.2 to 28.7 kcal/day/kg (p < 0.001). Preoperative waist circumference (r = -0.3; P < 0.001), blood glucose level (r = -0.37; P < 0.001), and CRP (r = -0.28; P = 0.004) were negatively correlated with EBMIL% 1 year after surgery. Among baseline body composition parameters, only preoperative FM was negatively correlated with %EBMIL (r = -0.23; p = 0.02). One year after surgery FM change was negatively correlated with EBMIL% (r = -0.49; P < 0.001) while FFM/BW ratio was positively correlated with %EBMIL (r = 0.71; P < 0.001). Increase in REE/BW at 1 year was positively correlated with %EBMIL (r = 0.47; p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, baseline blood glucose level (OR = 1.77; CI 95%: [1.3-2.4]) was the only predictive factor of EBMIL <60% at 1 year.

CONCLUSION: LRYGB has beneficial effects on clinical, biological parameters, and body composition. Increasing the proportion of FFM on total BW and REE/BW is associated with better results in terms of weight loss. Baseline glucose level may be helpful in identifying poor responders to LRYGBP.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02820285y (;rank=1 ).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"