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Robotic longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy for chronic pancreatitis: Comparison of clinical outcomes and cost to the open approach

Russell C Kirks, Patrick D Lorimer, Michael Fruscione, Allyson Cochran, Erin H Baker, David A Iannitti, Dionisios Vrochides, John B Martinie
International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS 2017, 13 (3)

BACKGROUND: This study compares clinical and cost outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) and open longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy (LPJ) for chronic pancreatitis.

METHODS: Clinical and cost data were retrospectively compared between open and RAL LPJ performed at a single center from 2008-2015.

RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent LPJ: 19 open and 7 RAL. Two robot-assisted cases converted to open were included in the open group for analysis. Patients undergoing RAL LPJ had less intraoperative blood loss, a shorter surgical length of stay, and lower medication costs. Operation supply cost was higher in the RAL group. No difference in hospitalization cost was found.

CONCLUSIONS: Versus the open approach, RAL LPJ performed for chronic pancreatitis shortens hospitalization and reduces medication costs; hospitalization costs are equivalent. A higher operative cost for RAL LPJ is mitigated by a shorter hospitalization. Decreased morbidity and healthcare resource economy support use of the robotic approach for LPJ when appropriate.

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