CT features in surgically proven cases of ovarian torsion-a pictorial review

Sunita Dhanda, Swee T Quek, Mok Y Ting, Clement Y H Rong, Eric Y S Ting, Pooja Jagmohan, Bernard Wee
British Journal of Radiology 2017, 90 (1078): 20170052
Ovarian torsion is a surgical emergency characterized by a partial or complete rotation of the ovarian vascular pedicle, causing obstruction to venous outflow followed by arterial inflow. Clinically, ovarian torsion frequently mimics other causes of acute pelvic pain such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, renal colic etc. Ultrasonography is the first-line imaging modality of choice for evaluation of ovarian torsion. MRI is useful as a problem-solving tool in patients with equivocal or non-diagnostic ultrasonography studies. CT is ordinarily not utilized in a young female with suspected ovarian torsion due to the radiation dose. However, the significant expansion in use of CT imaging in emergency departments for female patients presenting with acute abdominal pain has increased the likelihood that ovarian torsion may be first seen on CT. In addition, a non-specific clinical presentation may lead to an initial imaging with CT rather than ultrasonography. Ultrasound features of the ovarian torsion are well known and sufficiently described across literature as compared with the CT scan findings. In view of the increasing usage of CT as the modality of choice in emergency settings, it is imperative for the radiologist to familiarize with the CT features of ovarian torsion. An early correct diagnosis by the radiologist in clinically unsuspected cases, facilitating a prompt surgery to restore the ovarian blood flow can prevent permanent irreversible damage. There is limited published data available on the CT features of ovarian torsion. This pictorial essay illustrates CT findings with histological correlation of surgically proven ovarian torsion in our institution. These patients were primarily investigated with CT scan for acute pelvic pain ascribed to non-gynaecological causes such as bowel or urinary tract lesions.

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