JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Tricuspid Valve Dysfunction Following Pacemaker or Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation

James D Chang, Warren J Manning, Elisa Ebrille, Peter J Zimetbaum
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2017 May 9, 69 (18): 2331-2341
28473139
The potential for cardiac implantable electronic device leads to interfere with tricuspid valve (TV) function has gained increasing recognition as having hemodynamic and clinical consequences associated with incremental morbidity and death. The diagnosis and treatment of lead-related (as distinct from functional) tricuspid regurgitation pose unique challenges. Because of pitfalls in routine diagnostic imaging, a high level of clinical suspicion must be maintained to avoid overlooking the possibility that worsening heart failure is a consequence of mechanical interference with TV leaflet mobility or coaptation and is amenable to lead extraction or valve repair or replacement. The future of cardiac implantable electronic devices includes pacing and perhaps defibrillation without a lead traversing the TV.

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