JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Vascular Claudication-Assessment for Revascularization

Osmanuddin Ahmed, Michael Hanley, Shelby J Bennett, Ankur Chandra, Benoit Desjardins, Kenneth L Gage, Marie D Gerhard-Herman, Michael Ginsburg, Heather L Gornik, Isabel B Oliva, Michael L Steigner, Richard Strax, Nupur Verma, Frank J Rybicki, Karin E Dill
Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR 2017, 14 (5S): S372-S379
28473094
Vascular claudication is a symptom complex characterized by reproducible pain and weakness in an active muscle group due to peripheral arterial disease. Noninvasive hemodynamic tests such as the ankle brachial index, toe brachial index, segmental pressures, and pulse volume recordings are considered the first imaging modalities necessary to reliably establish the presence and severity of arterial obstructions. Vascular imaging is consequently used for diagnosing individual lesions and triaging patients for medical, percutaneous, or surgical intervention. Catheter angiography remains the reference standard for imaging the peripheral arteries, providing a dynamic and accurate depiction of the peripheral arteries. It is particularly useful when endovascular intervention is anticipated. When combined with noninvasive hemodynamic tests, however, noninvasive imaging, including ultrasound, CT angiography, and MR angiography, can also reliably confirm or exclude the presence of peripheral arterial disease. All modalities, however, have their own technical limitations when classifying the location, extent, and severity of disease. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

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