JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Imaging of Possible Tuberculosis

James G Ravenel, Jonathan H Chung, Jeanne B Ackman, Patricia M de Groot, Geoffrey B Johnson, Clinton Jokerst, Fabien Maldonado, Barbara L McComb, Robert M Steiner, Tan-Lucien Mohammed
Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR 2017, 14 (5S): S160-S165
28473072
Pulmonary tuberculosis remains a major cause of disease worldwide and an important public health hazard in the United States. The imaging evaluation depends to a large degree on clinical symptoms and whether active disease is suspected or a subject is at high risk for developing active disease. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

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