Insecticidal and Behavioral Avoidance Responses of Anopheles minimus and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) to Three Synthetic Repellents

Wasana Boonyuan, Sunaiyana Sathantriphop, Krajana Tainchum, Vithee Muenworn, Atchariya Prabaripai, Michael J Bangs, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap
Journal of Medical Entomology 2017 September 1, 54 (5): 1312-1322
Escape responses, knockdown (KD), and toxicity of laboratory strains of Anopheles minimus Theobald and Culex quinquefasciatus Say to three synthetic mosquito repellents, DEET (N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide), IR3535, or picaridin, at 5% v/v concentrations, were evaluated using repellent-treated papers in standard WHO tube assays and an excito-repellency (ER) test chamber system. The tube assays recorded knockdown effects of each repellent immediately after 30-min exposure and the final morality following a 24-h holding period. DEET showed 100% KD at 30 min and complete toxicity at 24 h against both species. Both actions were either minimal or absent for IR3535 and picaridin, respectively. Culex quinquefasciatus showed significantly greater escape with DEET compared with the other compounds in both contact irritancy (excitation) and noncontact spatial repellency trials. Anopheles minimus showed much more pronounced irritancy and repellency flight escape to IR3535 than picaridin. DEET was the most active irritant and repellent compound against Cx. quinquefasciatus. When adjusting contact test responses based on paired noncontact repellency assays, DEET and IR3535 showed much stronger spatial repellent properties than irritancy with An. minimus. Picaridin performed poorly as an irritant or repellent against both species. We conclude that DEET, followed by IR3535, act as strong spatial repellents at 5% concentration. DEET also performs as a strong toxicant. Our findings show that different mosquitoes can respond contrastingly to repellents, thus the importance to test a wider range of species and populations to assess the full range of chemical action.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"