Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Diagnostic features of malignancy-associated pseudoachalasia.

BACKGROUND: Pseudoachalasia is a condition in which clinical and manometric signs of achalasia are mimicked by another abnormality, most often a malignancy.

AIM: To identify risk factors that suggest presence of malignancy-associated pseudoachalasia.

METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, achalasia patients newly diagnosed by manometry were included. Patients with a normal initial endoscopy, clinical and manometric signs of achalasia who were afterwards found to have an underlying malignant cause were classified as pseudoachalasia. Clinical and diagnostic findings were compared between malignant pseudoachalasia and achalasia.

RESULTS: We included 333 achalasia patients [180 male, median age 50 (38-62)]. Malignant pseudoachalasia was diagnosed in 18 patients (5.4%). Patients with malignancy-associated pseudoachalasia were older at time of diagnosis [67 (54-71) vs. 49 (37-60) years], had a shorter duration of symptoms [6 (5-10) vs. 25 (11-60) months] and lost more weight [12 (9-17) vs. 5 (0-12) kg). In 61% of the pseudoachalasia patients, the oesophagogastric junction (OGJ) was difficult or impossible to pass during endoscopy, compared to 23% in achalasia. Age ≥55 years (OR 5.93), duration of symptoms ≤12 months (OR 14.5), weight loss ≥10 kg (OR 6.73) and difficulty passing the OGJ during endoscopy (OR 6.06) were associated with a higher risk of malignant pseudoachalasia.

CONCLUSIONS: Advanced age, short duration of symptoms, considerable weight loss and difficulty in passing the OGJ during endoscopy, are risk factors that suggest potential malignancy-associated pseudoachalasia. To exclude pseudoachalasia, additional investigations are warranted when two or more risk factors are present.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app