Automated synthesis of N-(2-[ 18 F]Fluoropropionyl)-l-glutamic acid as an amino acid tracer for tumor imaging on a modified [ 18 F]FDG synthesis module

Shaoyu Liu, Aixia Sun, Zhanwen Zhang, Xiaolan Tang, Dahong Nie, Hui Ma, Shende Jiang, Ganghua Tang
Journal of Labelled Compounds & Radiopharmaceuticals 2017 June 15, 60 (7): 331-336
N-(2-[18 F]Fluoropropionyl)-l-glutamic acid ([18 F]FPGLU) is a potential amino acid tracer for tumor imaging with positron emission tomography. However, due to the complicated multistep synthesis, the routine production of [18 F]FPGLU presents many challenging laboratory requirements. To simplify the synthesis process of this interesting radiopharmaceutical, an efficient automated synthesis of [18 F]FPGLU was performed on a modified commercial fluorodeoxyglucose synthesizer via a 2-step on-column hydrolysis procedure, including 18 F-fluorination and on-column hydrolysis reaction. [18 F]FPGLU was synthesized in 12 ± 2% (n = 10, uncorrected) radiochemical yield based on [18 F]fluoride using the tosylated precursor 2. The radiochemical purity was ≥98%, and the overall synthesis time was 35 minutes. To further optimize the radiosynthesis conditions of [18 F]FPGLU, a brominated precursor 3 was also used for the preparation of [18 F]FPGLU, and the improved radiochemical yield was up to 20 ± 3% (n = 10, uncorrected) in 35 minutes. Moreover, all these results were achieved using the similar on-column hydrolysis procedure on the modified fluorodeoxyglucose synthesis module.

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