Prevalence and characterization of non-sicca onset primary Sjögren syndrome with interstitial lung involvement

Andreina Manfredi, Marco Sebastiani, Stefania Cerri, Giulia Cassone, Pietrantonio Bellini, Giovanni Della Casa, Fabrizio Luppi, Clodoveo Ferri
Clinical Rheumatology 2017, 36 (6): 1261-1268
Primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS)-related interstitial lung disease (ILD) involved about 10-20% of patients. In 20% of cases, ILD can be diagnosed before pSS; anyway, few studies have investigated the frequency of ILD as the first clinically relevant manifestation of pSS, generally referred to retrospective studies. Aim of our prospective study was to describe prevalence, clinical, serological, and instrumental features of non-sicca onset pSS patients with interstitial lung involvement. During a period of 48 months, all consecutive patients diagnosed as pSS were enrolled. For all patients, the reason for the first visit was recorded. When present, ILD was categorized as definite, possible, or inconsistent with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern, according to the current criteria. ILD was the main presenting symptom in 13/77 new diagnoses of pSS patients; in particular, 6/13 patients were initially diagnosed as idiopathic ILD, and only later developed clinical manifestations suggestive for pSS; ILD-pSS patients were older than others and showed a higher EULAR primary Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index. A radiologic definite or possible UIP pattern was detected in 12/13 pSS. For the first time, we prospectively observed a prevalence of 16.8% of non-sicca onset pSS patients with ILD. Interestingly, UIP pattern was the most frequently detected, while typical autoantibodies were often absent. These features stressed the importance of differential diagnosis in the first stage of the disease, considering the possible poorer prognosis in this subgroup of patients. Multidisciplinary approach is crucial for a correct and early diagnosis, at both onset and follow-up.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"