JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Surgical outcomes in patients with Cushing's disease: the Cleveland clinic experience.

Pituitary 2017 August
CONTEXT: Transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) to resect a pituitary adenoma is considered first-line treatment for patients with Cushing's disease (CD). Early, post-operative remission rates >80% are expected for patients with a microadenoma (≤ 10 mm) visible on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging.

OBJECTIVE: To report surgical outcomes and predictors of remission in a specialist center for patients with CD.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical data was obtained from a prospective CD database in addition to review of all electronic medical, laboratory and surgical patient records. Patients who underwent their first TSS by one neurosurgeon between 2004 and 2013, and had a minimum 1 year follow up, were evaluated.

RESULTS: One hundred and one consecutive patients with CD (73F, 28M) underwent TSS. Median (range) age and follow-up were 47 (15-87) and 4.33 (1-9.8) years, respectively. At surgery, 74 (73.2%) patients had a microadenoma, 27 a macroadenoma; six of the latter patients had a planned, subtotal resection to control neurological signs due to mass effect. Initial remission rates were: microadenoma, 89% (66/74); macroadenoma, 63% (17/27); and 81% (17/21) in those macroadenomas where complete surgical removal was anticipated. Initial non-remission occurred in 18 patients, ten macro- and eight microadenoma; six of 18 had residual disease on most recent follow up. Six (2 macro, 4 micro) of the 83 patients with initial remission have had late (>12 months) recurrence of hypercortisolism that required either repeat TSS or adjunctive therapy, three of whom have persistent hypercortisolism. Macroadenoma (p = 0.003) and tumor invasion beyond the pituitary and sella (p < 0.001) were associated with failure to obtain remission with the initial TSS and greater likelihood of late recurrence. Patients in whom no lesion was seen on neuroimaging had rates of initial remission (21/25 or 84%) and a similar late recurrence rate of 4% (1/25) in comparison with those with MR-visible microadenomas (3/49, or 6%).

CONCLUSIONS: A team-based approach, in a specialized pituitary center, can lead to initial and durable, long-term remission in patients with CD. The presence of a macroadenoma and tumor extension beyond the pituitary and sella were predictive of initial non-remission as well as risk of late recurrence.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app