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Efficient expression of sortase A from Staphylococcus aureus in Escherichia coli and its enzymatic characterizations

Zhimeng Wu, Haofei Hong, Xinrui Zhao, Xun Wang
Bioresources and Bioprocessing 2017, 4 (1): 13

BACKGROUND: Sortase A (SrtA) is a transpeptidase found in Staphylococcus aureus, which is widely used in site-specific protein modification. However, SrtA was expressed in Escherichia coli (E. coli) in rather low level (ranging from several milligrams to 76.9 mg/L at most). The present study aims to optimize fermentation conditions for improving SrtA expression in E. coli.

RESULTS: Under the optimized media (0.48 g/L glycerol, 1.37 g/L tryptone, 0.51 g/L yeast extract, MOPS 0.5 g/L, PBS buffer 180 mL/L) and condition (30 °C for 8 h) in a 7-L fermentor, the enzyme activity and the yield of SrtA reached 2458.4 ± 115.9 U/mg DCW and 232.4 ± 21.1 mg/L, respectively, which were higher by 5.8- and 4.5-folds compared with initial conditions, respectively. The yield of SrtA also represented threefold increase than the previously reported maximal level. In addition, the enzymatic characterizations of SrtA (optimal temperature, optimal pH, the influence of metal irons, and tolerance to water-soluble organic solvents) were determined.

CONCLUSIONS: Enhanced expression of SrtA was achieved by optimization of medium and condition. This result will have potential application for production levels of SrtA on an industry scale. Moreover, the detailed enzymatic characterizations of SrtA were examined, which will provide a useful guide for its future application.


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