Multifunctional Theranostic Agent of Cu 2 (OH)PO 4 Quantum Dots for Photoacoustic Image-Guided Photothermal/Photodynamic Combination Cancer Therapy

Wei Guo, Zhenyu Qiu, Chongshen Guo, Dandan Ding, Tianchan Li, Fei Wang, Jianzhe Sun, Nannan Zheng, Shaoqin Liu
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 March 22, 9 (11): 9348-9358
Image-guided phototherapy is considered to be a prospective technique for cancer treatment because it can provide both oncotherapy and bioimaging, thus achieving an optimized therapeutic efficacy and higher treatment accuracy. Compared to complicated systems with multiple components, using a single material for this multifunctional purpose is preferable. In this work, we strategically fabricated poly(acrylic acid)- (PAA-) coated Cu2 (OH)PO4 quantum dots [denoted as Cu2 (OH)PO4 @PAA QDs], which exhibit a strong near-infrared photoabsorption ability. As a result, an excellent photothermal conversion ability and the photoactivated formation of reactive oxygen species could be realized upon NIR irradiation, concurrently meeting the basic requirements for photothermal and photodynamic therapies. Moreover, phototherapeutic investigations on both cervical cancer cells in vitro and solid tumors of an in vivo mice model illustrated the effective antitumor effects of Cu2 (OH)PO4 @PAA upon 1064-nm laser irradiation, with no detectable lesions in major organs during treatment. Meanwhile, Cu2 (OH)PO4 @PAA is also an exogenous contrast for photoacoustic tomography (PAT) imaging to depict tumors under NIR irradiation. In brief, the Cu2 (OH)PO4 @PAA QDs prepared in this work are expected to serve as a multifunctional theranostic platform.

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