No. 341-Diagnosis and Management of Adnexal Torsion in Children, Adolescents, and Adults

Sari Kives, Suzy Gascon, Élise Dubuc, Nancy Van Eyk
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC 2017, 39 (2): 82-90

OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence and provide recommendations on the diagnosis and management of adnexal torsion in children, adolescents, and women.

OUTCOMES: Elements evaluated include the risk factors, diagnostic accuracy, management options, and outcomes of adnexal torsion.

EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library using appropriate controlled vocabulary and key words ("adnexal torsion," "ovarian torsion"). Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. Searches were updated on a regular basis and new material incorporated in the guideline to December 2014. Grey (unpublished) literature was identified through searching the websites of health technology assessment and related agencies, clinical practice guideline collections, clinical trial registries, and national and international medical specialty societies.

VALUES: The evidence obtained was reviewed and evaluated by the Canadian Paediatric and Adolescent Gynaecology and Obstetrics Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) under the leadership of the principal authors. Recommendations were made according to guidelines developed by the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.

BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Guideline implementation should assist the practitioner in developing an optimal approach to the diagnosis and management of adnexal torsion while minimizing harm and improving patient outcomes.

VALIDATION: These guidelines have been reviewed and approved by the Gynaecology Committee of the SOGC and approved by the council of the SOGC.

SPONSOR: The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada SUMMARY STATEMENTS: RECOMMENDATIONS.

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