JOURNAL ARTICLE

PD-L1 Studies Across Tumor Types, Its Differential Expression and Predictive Value in Patients Treated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Harriet M Kluger, Christopher R Zito, Gabriela Turcu, Marina K Baine, Hongyi Zhang, Adebowale Adeniran, Mario Sznol, David L Rimm, Yuval Kluger, Lieping Chen, Justine V Cohen, Lucia B Jilaveanu
Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2017 August 1, 23 (15): 4270-4279
28223273
Purpose: With recent approval of inhibitors of PD-1 in melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and renal cell carcinoma, extensive efforts are under way to develop biomarkers predictive of response. PD-L1 expression has been most widely studied, and is more predictive in NSCLC than renal cell carcinoma or melanoma. We therefore studied differences in expression patterns across tumor types. Experimental Design: We used tissue microarrays with tumors from NSCLC, renal cell carcinoma, or melanoma and a panel of cell lines to study differences between tumor types. Predictive studies were conducted on samples from 65 melanoma patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors alone or with CTLA-4 inhibitors, characterized for outcome. PD-L1 expression was studied by quantitative immunofluorescence using two well-validated antibodies. Results: PD-L1 expression was higher in NSCLC specimens than renal cell carcinoma, and lowest in melanoma ( P = 0.001), and this finding was confirmed in a panel of cell lines. In melanoma tumors, PD-L1 was expressed either on tumor cells or immune-infiltrating cells. The association between PD-L1 expression in immune-infiltrating cells and progression-free or overall-survival in melanoma patients treated with ipilimumab and nivolumab was stronger than PD-L1 expression in tumor cells, and remained significant on multivariable analysis. Conclusions: PD-L1 expression in melanoma tumor cells is lower than NSCLC or renal cell carcinoma cells. The higher response rate in melanoma patients treated with PD-1 inhibitors is likely related to PD-L1 in tumor-associated inflammatory cells. Further studies are warranted to validate the predictive role of inflammatory cell PD-L1 expression in melanoma and determine its biological significance. Clin Cancer Res; 23(15); 4270-9. ©2017 AACR .

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
28223273
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"